A Better Picture Of The Mutual Funds

In the case of mutual funds, the money is collected from the investors and is invested in the market on the behalf of the investor. It will usually charge a nominal fee for the money management. It is an ideal investment option for those who are not regular investors and does not have much idea about investing. The expenses incurred by the mutual fund scheme is called the expense ratio. It measures the fund management per unit cost. The mutual fund scheme could be chosen by you according to your financial goal.

Ways to invest in the mutual funds

The investor can either use the service of the mutual fund advisor or invest directly with the mutual fund. If you opt to invest directly, then you can invest in the direct plan of the mutual fund scheme. On the other hand, if you choose to invest with the help of an advisor then you can invest in the various regular plan of mutual fund scheme.

If at all you plan to go ahead directly and invest, then you should visit the official website or the mutual fund’s authorized branches. You also need to have all the relevant documents in hand. The advantage of going for the direct plan is that you will save on commission charged by the advisor and the money invested will add on to the sizeable returns with the passage of time. But all the work like doing the research, completing the formalities, monitoring the investment, etc has to be done by yourself.

Various types of funds to choose from

You can broadly classify the mutual funds into 4 main categories such as Equity mutual funds, the Hybrid mutual funds, Debt mutual funds, and solution-oriented mutual funds.

Equity mutual fund scheme- Under this scheme, the money gets invested directly in stocks. It can offer you a very high return but at the same time, it is quite risky in a short period of time as the return is depended on the market performance of the stocks. Investors always should go for the tenure of more than 5 years in this scheme in order to get a good return.

Debt mutual fund scheme- Under this scheme, money is invested in debt securities. If you are looking to achieve your short-term financial goals which are below 5 years, then you should choose this scheme. They provide modest returns and are much safer when compared to the equity schemes.

Hybrid mutual fund schemes- The money is invested in both debt and equity and the investor can choose the scheme on the basis of his risk appetite. If you are ready to take up risk, then you can choose the scheme wherein the money invested in equity will be more and comparatively less share of the fund in debt instrument.

Solution-oriented schemes- This scheme is designed for specific goals or solutions like child’s education, retirement, etc. It comes with a compulsory lock-in period of 3 or 5 years. It is quite helpful for people who have long-term financial goals.

 

 

How the microfinance helps people

Microfinance means lending small loans, offering savings accounts facilities and basic other financial services to those people who do not have any kind of access to capital. The strategy of microfinance is to help people who are living in poor condition to be financially independent. It will help them to be resilient and they could support their families in time of financial difficulty. Half of the total world’s population lives below the poverty line, hence microfinance makes sense. Below mentioned are few benefits of microfinance.

Benefits of microfinance

  • Reasonable loan payment rates- The interest rates of financial institutions are higher than that of those institutions which offer microfinance.
  • Target women borrowers- Microfinance usually targets women as clients as the chance of payment default is less likely in case of women compared to men. Also, the loans help in empowering women.
  • Access to a financial institution- The normal banks does not offer loans to people who have no or little assets. They do not engage in lending small loans without any collateral. The microfinance on the other side offers a small amount of loan. Small credit offering can help in eradicating poverty.
  • Education- The families who avail the facilities of micro-financing will not pull out their children from schools stating financial reasons. They could also avail loan for the education of their children.
  • Sustainability- A small business could use the help of the working capital loan which would be sufficient to run the business and it will help the person to come out of their low lifestyle.
  • Improved health- Microfinancing not only gives better access to various health care but also offers access to better sanitation and clean water.
  • Creates job- It helps to create employment opportunities which will, in turn, benefit the local economy.

For a developing country, microfinancing is a great help and a blessing. It works towards the development of the rural sector, thus helping out individuals to enjoy a better standard of living and be always prepared for the future. It creates confidence among young people which will naturally help in the advancement of the economy. The only thing which needs to be done is to create more awareness. A platform to make people aware of the microfinancing facilities has to be established so that the people will know whom and where to approach. Once it is done, the people definitely lead a safe and secure life.

The History Of Microfinance

Today, the concept of microfinance is favored worldwide but, do you know how and where it started? Knowing its history will not only be interesting, will also help you understand its importance and appreciate it much better! So, let’s travel back in time to unravel the great cause of this great concept!

Before the modern era of Micro financing

Much before this modern micro financing concept came into existence; the 1800s theorist Lysander Spooner had penned regarding the importance of offering financial assistance aka credits to the farmers and growing entrepreneurs that can forever get them out of their economically dwindled condition. Thus, although the concept is an old one, it only started flourishing after World War – II with the Marshall Plan, where the Americans funded the Europeans with the aim of helping them to rebuild their position after the devastating outcomes of the World War – II.

The modern era of Micro financing

The modern concept of Micro financing started long back in the year 1970s with Bangladesh and parts of Latin America as its base. Predominantly, Bangladesh it was, as the pioneer Muhammad Yunus was responsible for shaping the micro financing concept to well fit the needs of the modern society. His small act of helping a group of impoverished people of the country with the needed money of $27 in the year 1974 made him realize how such little financial assistance is very much needed and helpful in uplifting the poverty-stricken people, both economically and socially. Much to his surprise, these people were also able to pay their loan with the interest, appreciably.

This urged him to found The Grameen Bank, a micro financing institution, which has, till date lent more than $6 billion financial assistance to the poorest Bangladesh families and few others in the Asian subcontinent that helped them to get rid of their poverty condition and come up in life successfully. For his revolutionizing concept, he received Nobel Peace Prize in the year 2006. Yunus’ micro financing methods of group-lending, women-centric assistance have now become one of the standard principles of the modern micro financing concept, widely favored and benefitted by the community.

Today, there are many institutions dedicated to micro financing, where even the top players have joined the bandwagon, such as the Deutsche bank’s microfinance venture, Citi Bank’s Citi Microfinance, Barclays’ Ghanaian Microfinance and so on aimed at helping the poor in the developing nations, primarily.

According to the International Finance Corporation in the year 2014, more than 130 million people have benefitted due to various microfinance-related activities, which shows the success of the concept and more of these to follow in the future!

Fund Raising ways for Big Corporations!

Start-ups are seen on the rise and there are ways to gain financial support for them. starting from a scratch is pretty easy, comparing to the in-between expansions and additions. Start-ups get financial support from banks, the newly found crowdsourcing, smaller organizations like cooperative banks and even online microfinancing.

If you are a business that is well established but finding it difficult to balance the income and the expenses and are having a dream of expanding, looking out for ways; then you are here at the right page.

Take a look at this article

Raising through Debt:

Debt is nothing but loans! Loans are various in nature, you have personal loans that can bring you some relief, credit loans, given on your credit balance and history will help you to get loans. So, basically its sourcing money through borrowing, but here the borrowing will occur in a very systemized manner, that will enable you to track down and follow a routine to clear it at the earliest.

The drawback here is the interests and a rough patch. Every business goes through its rainy and dry days for a while and during this period, the payment becomes a big terrible issue. Hence keeping a track of expenses and saving for all those commitments no matter you have a business or not, will help you to stay organized in your finances and help you to get loans ahead in your career.

Funds through Equity:

This is the best option for a very well-established company! This is gained via selling the shares and stocks to the general public, in exchange for money invested. This option is better than going in for loans, as the money invested gives them enough capital to run the business, expand and maintain. With great performance, comes value and credibility to the company, which is seen in the value of shares and stocks increasing and also increases the brand value.

The benefit here is that the company doesn’t need to pay a fixed amount as interest, instead, they are required to pay the returns on investment to the shareholders, as either dividends or higher number of stocks, by re-investing the gained profit.

Big enterprises, be it in any industry is gaining momentum is its business by opening up IPO to the general public, that helps both the company and the investors to be mutually benefitted. The IPO listing also gives a credibility to the company to be a safe bet for investors.

 

Understand The Process Of IPO

What do we understand on hearing the news of a company going public? You are on the verge of building a company and you are confused on whether to register it as a private limited company or a public company. By a public company, the financial world means that the shares of the company are being traded in stock markets and anyone in the general public can buy them to become shareholders of the company. As a shareholder, you will get a percentage of the earnings of the company for that share your own and this is called dividend.

A company simply cannot get listed on the stock market to sell its shares. Becoming public and offering shares in the trade market for the first time is termed as Initial Public Offering or IPO. The conversion looks like one step but is actually a series of decisions requiring financial intelligence.

Two types of companies issue IPOs:

  • Start-ups’ or newly incorporated companies looking for funds and expansion possibilities.
  • Large established private companies which wish to become a publicly traded organization and involve the public.

How can you make your company publicly traded?

Since issuing IPO is a very strategic decision, you need multiple experts in all the related domains to decide the number of shares, trading features, policies, dividends and retaining and cash flow from sold shares. The team should have:

  • Financial advisor
  • Legal expert
  • Certified Accountant
  • Trade market analyzer
  • An advisor from Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
  • Underwriting firm

Once the external panel is formed, the second step is to prepare a detailed financial review of your company, which studies and reports the performance analysis, infrastructure, future prospects etc.

The next step is to decide on the IPO parameters such as:

  • Securities to be issued and the agreement terms
  • Number of shares and their ideal offering price
  • Best time to announce the rounds of IPO issue
  • Percentage of dividend ratio, retaining earnings and purpose of retaining

Once these decisions are made and the final report is printed, it has to be submitted for official auditing.

After getting the green signal from the audit, you have to file your company’s prospectus and application with the SEC to confirm the date to issue the public offering. With the announcement, the companies normally talk about the expected total funds to be raised through the sale and utilization of these funds. With the share and the dividends, the shareholders have some right to know the progress of the company.

How To Build A Positive Credit

When it comes to managing your personal finance satisfactorily, every single thing matters and therefore, due consideration has to be offered without any hesitancy. One such significant thing is your credit, which intervenes a lot with your money management matter.

Not only the credit matters to avail a suitable financial assistance such as the home mortgage but, also to avail it satisfactorily such that it doesn’t negatively impact your expectations of money management.

That is, only when you have a positive credit, you would be allowed to avail a home mortgage with an affordable interest rate, which helps you to carry out your financial routine without suffering any damages.

Hence, a good credit is a must, which can be easily built by following the below-mentioned 4 simple ways!

Avoid too many credit cards

Having too many credit cards, that too at the inception might actually harm your credit, as the possibility of losing track of the cards and their respective payments is quite expected while you are still struggling to adjust yourself with the subject.

Also, whenever you apply for a new credit card, hard inquiries might be performed on your credit details, which is not good at all for your positive credit. Hence, stick only to the essential ones, after understanding the benefits you could derive out of them to boost your credit, favorably!

Be on time, all the time

Your reputation as a credit re-payer is essential to build a positive credit, which can be satisfactorily obtained by making your bill payments, on time, every time! If you fail to observe and go on with your debt collections, then your delinquent behavior would certainly be entered on your credit report, making your financial reputation, your financial position, and as well as your credit, pathetic!

Affordability matters

Just because the credit card company has offered you an attractive credit limit, utilizing all of it without considering the affordability factor might harm your credit situation, as you would end up being a defaulter.

Unfortunately, it might also affect your other financial demands pushing you to face the worst situation ever. Hence, only borrow what you are able to afford to not only boost your credit but also not to boost your position as a responsible borrower!

Understand the 30% rule

Even though you are able to afford the credit limit offered, it is not advisable to maxim out your credit cards(s), unless and until the situation is not an emergency to build a positive credit for yourself. Always, utilize 30% beneath the offered credit limit to make your credit position highly favorable, all the time!

When A Capital Budgeting Saved An Ambitious Entrepreneur

How many of us will dare to leave a top management position, provided with business class facilities for residence and luxurious lifestyle along with a highly progressing career for a risky business? Meet Vipin, the then general manager of the biggest construction company in the country. The structures constructed by the company were not just brick and mortar houses or shopping complexes, but heavy industries including petrochemicals, construction resources, and even nuclear power stations. And our person of discussion was the central authority for the industrial wing,

It is still not known about what made him leave a promising career when almost ready to take over as the President of construction management and try his luck in a very demanding and investment-heavy industrial construction business. Vipin had immense experience and supreme testimonials for his work in the same field, but was he tactical enough to succeed in one of the most competitive areas of business? The initial hiccups did not show the signs of any revival in his venture. The company required the heaviest construction equipment and vehicles and hundreds of employees.

Rental proved costly

Vipin’s list of resources didn’t have any machinery of its own. He had to rent them from outside and that ate away any profit he got from the cleared bills. The tenders may sometimes lead to losses when the work was not progressing due to bad weather or labor issues. Lag in work meant a lag in passing bills and subsequently, huge losses. The operational cost of every month was so huge that he had to take loan after loans to meet the daily expenses of his business and his home. He also had to borrow money from local lenders at exorbitantly high rates of interest in cases of emergency. All his properties were either mortgaged or kept under overdraft.

Vipin realized frightfully that his ambitious company was sinking fast and was too heavy to be lifted up and come at par with his competitors. This was the time when his son finished his studies and decided to join him and fight until the last moment to save their company. It was almost 10 years into the business and they were about to lose all.

The revival

By consulting capital finance experts, they decided to divert the cash flows for rental expenses and loan amounts into buying their own equipment and heavy vehicles. It was very tough initially, but many public and private sector firms providing capital investment supported them by extending overdraft amounts and funding some of the heavy machinery.

Within a short span of two years, they were able to expand their work into four sites simultaneously with their own resources. Their current operational cost includes salary payments, transportation, and maintenance expenses and has almost tripled in its net worth. Soon they will be working for a nuclear power station and scale new entrepreneurial heights.

Tell Your friends about The Forex Market

An area where swapping of currencies occurs is the Forex market. There is exactly no visual presence such for this market and is often signified as ‘over the counter’. The arrangement is informal in nature to represent the wholesale markets and is dissimilar from other retail sectors, as they have a visible structure to conduct bank and customer dealings.

Till now, the fx market is the biggest funding status with a turnover of over US 2.5 trillion dollars on a date. The prime function of this structured design was to initiate does compromise following the international trades. Over the time, they signify a degree equivalent to the capacity of world trade in goods and services.

A forex market always tries to keep up its stability by elevating the trading quantity advancing communications and pretty good access to international exchange markets. It ensures 24 hours working as there are so many branches across the globe. Additionally, the operational timing of the market is such that when one market closes, the other starts to do business.

However, new live interactions have fast-tracked the working efficiency of this particular market. Any major market happenings are conveyed instantly to the other locations. Thus forex totally creates a global impact as they are working under a single roof.

Live Physical Markets

In contrast to the non-physical existence of forex market entity, there are a few centers where foreign exchange takes place at fixed destinations such as stock exchanges. Representatives from different banks meet here to discuss and fix the rates for different currencies after bargains. This mode of exercise is remarked as ‘fixing’. Thus, the market fixes the rate on commercial business undertakings with a minor consent of banks.

The main partakers are

  • The Corporates: It includes all the participants from business firms, MNCs, and investors who better know the value of currencies as they are innocent traders.
  • The Commercial banks: They are the huge contributors to the market. They conduct patrons’ currency transactions apart for themselves.
  • The Exchange Brokers: They stand as the connection parties between banks to efficiently obtain the best quote for a currency saving both time and money.
  • The Central Banks: They influence on government behalf when it involves foreign business.

Basically, US dollar is considered as the foundation currency with which other currencies are compared and represented. Moreover, it is only currency used to denominate transactions taking place internationally.